Archaeology Data Service OnlineISSN 1368-0560 Issue 1 (Spring 1997)
This is the first edition of ADS Online: the web version of the Archaeology Data Service newsletter. We hope to develop ADS NEWS and ADS Online as regular bulletins, di
stributed twice a year, and covering
all aspects of archiving, preservation, standards, and re-use of digital archaeological data.
The ADS is in its infancy: still less than six months old, but we've been encouraged by the welcome we've received travelling around the country meeting archaeologists, whether they be contractors, curators, or archive professionals. Everyone seems to ag
ree that digital data in archaeology is getting out of hand and that the birth of the ADS is a timely opportunity for the profession to address this problem.
Archaeology is in a special position in that much of the creation of its data results from the destruction of primary evidence. Increasingly the digital record may be the only record of precious research materials. With the ever-increasing pace of change
in computer hardware and software, in a few years' time that data may be lost for ever. Our aim is to collect, describe, catalogue, preserve, and provide user support for all digital resources that are created as a product of archaeological research.
The ADS is already working with the national and local archaeological agencies, and those research councils involved in the funding of archaeological research, to negotiate deposition of project data. This will include data derived from fieldwork as well
as desk-based studies. The types of data involved include: text reports, databases (related to excavated contexts or artefacts, for example), images (including aerial photographs, remote sensing imagery, photographs of sites, features and artefacts),
digitised maps and plans, numerical datasets related to topographical and sub-surface surveys and other locational data, as well as reconstruction drawings.
Thanks to the Internet, that data does not need to be collected together in a single physical location. Indeed, given that much of it is constantly changing and being updated, there are considerable advantages in keeping data distributed. At the ADS, we
will be working with others to develop an integrated catalogue
enabling a "one-stop shop" for the archaeological researcher.
It's an exciting task, but also a daunting one. Fortunately we don't have to do it all by ourselves. For one thing, we're part of the newly established Arts & Humanities Data Service (AHDS) an
d we'll be combining our efforts with those of our four sister services in history, texts, performing and visual arts. For another, there are also many others in Archaeology with experience and interests in this area. In many cases all we need to do is provide a catalyst. If you want to find out more, or contribute to our
aims, then do keep in touch.
Julian D Richards, Director
Accessing Scotland's Past
In February we learnt that a joint ADS / RCAHMS proposal had been selected for funding by SCRAN (the Scottish Cultural Resources Access Network - a Millennium
Project). RCAHMS is responsible for compiling and maintaining the National Monument Record of Scotland (NMRS). This consists of textual information on archaeological sites and historic buildings throughout Scotland, together with the varied collections o
f associated material: photographs, maps, books, manuscripts, plans and so forth. Since 1990 the archaeological section of the NMRS has been held in computerised form in an Oracle database, which currently contains material on around 96,000 sites. In earl
y 1996 the architectural section of the application was completed and data entry began in February 1996. By completion the database will contain around 250,000 entries for sites and monuments, with an accompanying index to the collections - in particular
to the archive of around 500,000 pictures of sites and buildings. Through a suite of GIS applications the core NMRS data is also linked to field notes, measured survey plans, aerial survey records, and to collections of vertical air photographs of Scotlan
d which cover the entire country and comprise over 1 million images. SCRAN have agreed to fund a pilot project to make the NMRS records for the West of Scotland and Shetland available via the Internet. For the ADS this will provide a pilot for the develop
ment of its integrated metadata catalogue using well-developed and tested archaeological information resources. It is envisaged that the tools developed will be transferable to other aspects of its catalogue.
This first issue of ADS Online is primarily an introduction to the ADS. We hope that future issues will cover more general digital archiving issues in archaeology, and will include guest columns. Look for articles about the
U.S. Archaeological Data Archive Project and the ALGAO/RCHME SMR Data Standard.
Resource Discovery Workshop
On March 24th and 25th, the ADS will be hosting a Resource Discovery Workshop (the title is encoded jargon meaning 'Metadata Workshop'). Metadata means information about information' and refers to summary descriptions of digital files which allow them t
o be related to similar digital resources. Participants in this session have been invited from a cross-section of archaeological sub-disciplines including aerial photography, archaeological bibliographies, computing, contracting units, cultural heritage
management, documentation and standards, environmental archaeology, finds research, geophysics, local government, museums, national government, NMRs, public archaeology, SMRs, trusts, and underwater archaeology. The goal of this workshop is to discuss the
description of digital archaeological data, and produce a report (to be widely circulated) proposing a draft metadata framework for archaeological research. To order a copy, please email email.
||Julian Richards, Director |
As part-time Director, Julian takes overall responsibility for the day-to-day running of the ADS, and for project finances. He also takes a lead role in liaison with external organisations.
Miller, Collections Manager
In April Paul will be joining the ADS as its Collections Manager. In his new post, Paul will be overseeing the development of the integrated metadata catalogue with pointers to digital information held by other archaeological organisations, and will prov
ide technical expertise for accessioning, mounting, and cataloguing ADS collections.
||Alicia Wise, Data Coordinator |
In post since October 1996, Alicia is responsible for approaching grant holders, negotiating with depositors and acquiring access to collections. She manages user services for the ADS, and is the first point of contact for information about data depositi
on, joint cataloguing, or data access and re-use.
|Maureen Poulton, Administrator
Maureen has worked at the University of York since 1990, with the Department of Archaeology since 1992 and with the ADS since 1996. She is responsible for essential administrative and financial management.
The Archaeology Data Service is managed by a consortium of UK institutions, led by the
University of York, and including the Universities of Birmingham, Bradford,
Glasgow, Kent at Canterbury,
Leicester, Oxford, and Newcastle, with the Council for British Archaeology, the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England (on behalf of the Royal Commissions of Scotland and Wales), the British Academy,
and the Arts and Humanities Data Service. The ADS Management Committee is composed of representatives from these
The Advisory Committee facilitates communication between the ADS and the wider archaeological
community. The committee is chaired by Professor Rosemary Cramp, and representatives are drawn from 40 organisations in the UK. Please click here for more information about the advisory committee.
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